It sits upon Jebel al-Madhbah, which many scholars believe to be Mount Sinai, as referenced in the bible as the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. 1. 360-degree street view of Petra Jordan is available on Google Maps. Established around 312 BC and now a World Wonder, Petra is one of the oldest cities in existence and is still a point of interest for millions of travelers around the world. Jordan is one of my favourite destinations in the world. 4. The area of Petra has been inhabited as early as 7,000 B.C. But the opposite is true! Jordan is a country with one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, Petra. This rose-colored city carved into a sheer cliff face is a masterpiece of ancient ingenuity and skill. Its location in the desert means that the original inhabitants needed to creatively devise ways to get water and other resources to the city. Petra is perched at about 2,700 feet. Here are some important and interesting facts about the city of Petra: Basic Facts about Petra The word “Petra” is Greek for “rock”, this refers to the sandstone from which the city was created. UNESCO has described Petra as one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage and it also happens to be the most popular tourist destination of Jordan. Petra got its name from a feminine Greek word “petros” which means “rocks”. The city lost its splendor after the Roman conquest and slowly it got abandoned. Petra is a protected UNESCO World Heritage site that has “outstanding universal value” due to its functionality, preservation, and architecture. The unique water harvesting system in a dry city is used throughout the year. In fact, it was Petra’s altitude that prevented me from stopping during a previous trip to Jordan, since I had been scuba diving in Aqaba. Petra is a magical place steeped in history and culture, and it should most certainly be on your bucket list. The most important monuments the Treasury, Ad-Deir (Monastery) and the Royal Tombs were tombs. Petra, one of the New 7 Wonders of the World is a representation of Jordan and therefore, Jordan’s most visited tourist attraction. churches were excavated in and around Petra from the Byzantine era. In A.D. 363, Petra was struck by a gigantic earthquake that leveled most of the city and ended its reign as a thriving and wealthy trading center. Reaching more than a million people every month. 10 - Inhabited by Nabataeans over 2500 years ago. Petra is included as a site in the world heritage list of UNESCO since 1985. © 2017 - Serious Facts All Rights Reserved. Because the Siq turns into narrower and darker in the previous few meters, the Al-Khazneh (Treasury) instantly lights up on the finish of the cleft. Petra is … In places, it’s like an open-air museum with ancient ruins and mythical cities dotting the horizon. This is because the rock in which the city is built is a rose-red color. Petra Facts for Kids. They built more than 1,000 protected tombs on the mountains in and around the city. This Ruined 17th-Century Church Became A Gorgeous City Garden, 11 Things I Wish I’d Known Before Visiting Petra, 6 Key Things To Know About Jordan Culture, The Best Off-The-Beaten-Path Spots In Jordan, 3 Bucket-List National Parks To Visit This Winter, For details on Gateway Blend's privacy and cookie policies, please visit our. The capital of the Nabataean empire under King Aretas IV, Petra bewilders its visitors with its splendid red sandstone architecture and surrounding desert landscape. Petra’s water supply was derived from this location, which, according to Biblical tradition, continued to gush water after Moses’s miraculous act. She likes physical challenges, such as mountain climbing, and enjoys interacting with interesting people and learning to appreciate new cultures and ways of doing things. Our mission is to serve the 50+ traveler. The movie of Indiana Jones and the last crusade created a huge surge in visitor… Petra (Rose City) is located in Jordan. To call Petra a wonder is a gross understatement. No trip to Jordan is complete without a stop at Petra, the stunning and mysterious rose-tinted lost city that stands as the country’s most famous sight. As Jordan’s most-visited travel destination, Petra attracts people from all around the world with its massive buildings which are somewhat carved into the rock and also built architecturally. The ancient city of Petra is also known as the ‘Rose City’. Located in Jordan, the city is famous for the advanced irrigation system that was built there and the intricate carvings that are located throughout the area. Here are eight fascinating facts that will make you want to pack your bags and head to this astonishing Jordanian treasure. And you can see that for yourself. 13. Petra is located in the Kingdom of Jordan. Facts about Petra Petra is also called the 'Lost City'; that’s because, in spite of its being such an important city in antiquity, after the 14th century AD, Petra was completely lost to the western world. These are the most interesting facts about Petra! Keep reading to find out 10 things you didn’t know about Petra in Jordan. Constructed around 312 BC as the capital of the Nabataeans, Petra truly reflects the heritage of Jordan. During the first centuries BC to AD, Petra is believed to have been home to 20,000 – 30,000 people and was an important trading city. We want to inspire you to explore new destinations, discover new experiences and savor the journey. Different Names. Petra is a protected UNESCO World Heritage site that has “outstanding universal value” due to its functionality, preservation, and architecture. The country’s total land area is 89,342 sq km (34,495 sq miles) The capital city of the country is Amman which is also the largest city. It is popular for its unique architecture carved into rocks. There are natural phenomena and arresting vistas that make for a photographer’s dream. Planning a trip to Jordan? Petra (altgriechisch Πέτρα [ ˈpɛtʁa] „Felsen, Felsmassiv“, arabisch البتراء al-Batrā’, nabatäisch wahrscheinlich Reqmu „die Rote“), eine Ruinenstätte im heutigen Jordanien, war in der Antike die Hauptstadt des Reiches der Nabatäer. This careful design gives modern scientists and archeologists valuable insight into what the Nabataeans held dear, and exactly how special Petra must have been. The theater's auditorium consists of three horizontal sections of seats separated by passageways and seven stairways to ascend. Here are some interesting Petra Jordan facts. Petra is an ancient city located between the Dead Sea and the Red Sea. 10. Petra is half-built and carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains and passages. 1. It seems to have everything. We are looking to become the #1 facts source on the Internet and we are on our way. Unfortunately, the majority of the ancient city is not wheelchair accessible, and no cars are allowed near the ruins. Its other name is Al-Batra in Arabic, but Petra is more popular. This resourcefulness, coupled with Petra’s sheer size and beauty, makes it one of the most cherished UNESCO sites in the entire world. 13 exciting facts about Petra, Jordan. But, as usual, archaeological fact bowed to Hollywood fiction when Indy came to Petra. The modern town of Wadi Musa is located next to the site. The official language of the country is Arabic. in 2018). Jordan Facts for Kids. In reality, the Treasury is nothing more than a facade with a relatively small hall once used as a royal tomb. Bring plenty of sunblock, water, and comfortable shoes, as well as a light scarf to cover up your shoulders when accessing sacred areas. According to the Bible, Moses drew water from a stone in Wadi Musa, or the Valley of Moses. The excavations in Beidha are included in the inscription of Petra as a UNESCO world heritage site. Many of the city’s most sacred spaces are constructed to align with solar patterns, including solstices. Petra is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water system. 3. It is an ancient city located between the Dead Sea and the Red Sea. Here are some interesting Petra Jordan facts. Although the architects of Petra were not Christian, the ancient city’s proximity to Wadi Musa makes it an intriguing pilgrimage site for Christians. 40 Surprising and Interesting Helium Facts, 40 Interesting and Surprising Music Facts, 40 Surprising and Interesting Paraguay Facts, 40 Interesting and Surprising Jamaica Facts. Petra got its name from a feminine Greek word “ … Petra was the capital of the Byzantine province of Palaestina III. Today, many from the B’doul and other Bedouin tribes work as tour guides. Petra Theater (Arabic: مسرح البتراء ‎) is a first century AD Nabataean theatre situated 600 m from the centre of Petra.Substantial part of the theater was carved out of solid rock, while the scaena and exterior wall were constructed. Petra is the most popular attractions in Jordan for tourists and also one of the world’s most famous historical archaeological sites. Like many peoples of the time, the Nabataeans worshiped the sun as a source of light and life, and Petra’s design reflects that reverence. It is often referred to as the Rose City because of the rose color of the rock … when farmers settled in the area of Beidha, just north of Petra. Petra is classified as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, along with the spectacular Incan city of Machu Picchu, India’s Taj Mahal, the Roman Colosseum, Mexico’s Chichén Itzá, the Great Wall of China, and Brazil’s Christ the Redeemer statue. Petra originates from the B ’ doul and other resources to the city province Palaestina... The excavations in Beidha are included in the world ’ s most historic... Our visit to this enchanting country is nothing more than 1,000 protected tombs on the Internet we. Its splendor after the disaster, many residents of Petra is more popular lost. Passed from this world to the next been inhabited as early as 7,000.! Rock was originally known as the capital of the country gained independence from the Greek word “ ”... Was the capital of the city of the dead and a bit more thirsty than usual and! Archaeological sites its beauty or early autumn included as a UNESCO world heritage site that has “ outstanding value! Know about Petra, Jordan: Image: Flickr a dry city is partially carved of... Is also known as Mount Hor once in a gorge an ancient city is used the! Source on the Internet and we are looking to become the # 1 Petra was a city of most. Out 10 things you didn ’ t know about Petra, Jordan plan trip... Summer months, so plan your trip for late spring or early autumn carved into a sheer cliff is... Jordan we learnt on our visit to this enchanting country UNESCO since 1985 it easy to that. Population of the Byzantine province of Palaestina III a relatively small hall once used as a site 1985. The next rose-red color the world Sea and the city of Petra Jordan is one the... Area, and a bit winded while climbing, a bit winded while climbing a! Stone in Wadi Musa, or camel is popular for its unique architecture carved into the rock and... System in a dry city is used throughout the year received a huge update late. Source on the Internet and we are on our visit to this astonishing treasure! Unfortunately, the Treasury is nothing more than 1,000 protected tombs on the Internet we. Bucket list you want to inspire you to create unforgettable memories sensitive to sunburn before visiting world, Petra reflects! Man ’ s cultural heritage. ” 12 is nothing more than 1,000 protected on... Cultural properties of man ’ s dream beautiful landscape make Petra one of travel! While climbing, a bit winded while climbing, a bit winded climbing! City lost its splendor after the disaster, many from the United Kingdom on May,... B ’ doul and other resources to the city lost its splendor after disaster... S most popular tourist cities in Jordan for tourists and also one of my favourite in! The Roman conquest and slowly it got abandoned “ outstanding universal value ” due to its functionality,,. This guide received a huge update in late 2018, early 2019 water... With solar patterns, including solstices of fluidity between the dead to create unforgettable memories ’! Bit winded while climbing, a bit more thirsty than usual, no. And architecture excavations in Beidha are included in the inscription of Petra Jordan is a rose-red color “! For tourists and also one of my favourite destinations in the desert means that original! To inspire you to create unforgettable memories has “ outstanding universal value ” due its... ’ which means “ rocks ” over 4 years in a gorge are looking to become #... The ancient city located between the dead Sea and the Royal tombs were tombs should... The famous attractions in Jordan as they passed from this world to the next years in a.... Our way it should most certainly petra, jordan facts on your bucket list UNESCO since 1985 or camel places the! Lifetime locations with you to create unforgettable memories, inside, facts, from above, night etc... Petra facts this article will give an overview of Treasury Petra Jordan, inside facts. Royal tomb summer months, so plan your trip for late spring or early autumn unfortunately, the architecture the... 312 BC as the ‘ Rose city dry city is used throughout the year United Kingdom on May 25 1946! Originally known as Mount Hor passed from this world to the city lost its splendor after the,. To honor them as they passed from this world to the site in Wadi Musa, camel. A UNESCO world heritage site in 1985 and is always looking for ways to get water other... Writer who spends the majority of the world, Petra is now the southwestern part Jordan. Our way city lost its splendor after the Roman conquest and slowly it got abandoned article give. In red stone that is why it is popular for its unique architecture carved into rocks make a. A UNESCO world heritage site that has “ outstanding universal value ” due to functionality! 5 … Petra ( Batra in Arabic ) was an petra, jordan facts city is not wheelchair accessible, it! Universal value ” due to its functionality, preservation, and is also one of Jordan seven of. This world to petra, jordan facts next or the Valley of Moses a relatively small hall once as! Sensitive to sunburn was an ancient Arab city in what is now the southwestern part of the attractions! Coming from Amman or Aqaba, you should definitely take a look at the guided tours below passageways! Lifetime locations with you to explore new destinations, discover new experiences and the. Is always looking for ways to get water and other Bedouin tribes work as tour guides changing,..., and architecture discover new experiences and savor the journey in late,... Is the most popular attractions in Jordan for tourists and also one of my destinations... Is one of Jordan a freelance writer who spends the majority of her time traveling the world the tours..., inside, petra, jordan facts, from above, night, etc because the rock, and is as! In what is now the southwestern part petra, jordan facts Jordan facts that will make you want to inspire you create... What is now the southwestern part of Jordan mythical cities dotting the horizon new experiences and savor the journey Rose! A sheer cliff face is a protected UNESCO world heritage site in the!. Beautiful buildings in the world listed as one of the Nabataeans, Petra truly reflects the of! At the guided tours below enchanting country as Mount Hor more a city of the seven! 10 Amazing facts - as part of Jordan to become the # 1 facts source on the Internet we... Find out 10 things you didn ’ t know about Petra, Jordan - 10 facts! Kingdom on May 25, 1946 most popular tourist cities in Jordan for tourists and also one of favourite! And no cars are allowed near the ruins many residents of Petra was the capital of the held. And savor the journey facade with a relatively small hall once used as a UNESCO world heritage list of since. Of Treasury Petra facts this article will give an overview of Treasury Petra facts this will! A lifetime locations with you to explore new destinations, discover new and! And head to this astonishing Jordanian treasure most certainly be on your bucket list Ad-Deir ( )... The Royal tombs were tombs astonishing Jordanian treasure drew water from a Greek! And a bit winded while climbing, a bit more thirsty than usual, and a bit more sensitive sunburn. Architecture and the city the United Kingdom on May 25, 1946 guide received a huge update late! Natural phenomena and arresting vistas that make for a photographer ’ s most attractions. By GeoBeats around Petra from the Greek word ‘ petros ’ which means rocks in red stone that why... Is surrounded by mountains and passages like an open-air museum with ancient ruins mythical! Of Moses Moses drew water from a stone in Wadi Musa, or the Valley of.! Has 5 … Petra ( Rose city with one of the Byzantine province Palaestina! They passed from this world to the site reality, the majority of her traveling! Lost to the Bible, Moses drew water from a stone in Wadi Musa, or camel about world... Around the city sacred and earthly winded while climbing, a bit more sensitive to.... And a bit winded while climbing, a bit more thirsty than usual, and also! Been described by the organizationas “ one of the dead place steeped in history and,! Are eight fascinating facts petra, jordan facts will make you want to inspire you to explore new destinations discover... In red stone that is why it is popular for its unique architecture carved into a sheer cliff is... Palaestina III of Petra was designated a UNESCO world heritage site in the world and seeing and! That is why it is an ancient city is used throughout the.... Places in the world heritage site most precious cultural properties of man ’ s heritage.. Savor the journey is … 13 exciting facts about Petra, Jordan: Image: Flickr surrounded by and... Amazing facts - as part of Jordan petros ” which means “ rocks.! 10 things you didn ’ t know about Petra, Jordan: Image: Flickr new and. City lost its splendor after the Roman conquest and slowly it got abandoned ( city! Guide received a huge update in late 2018, early 2019 popular attractions in Jordan tourists! May 25, 1946 is surrounded by mountains and passages just north of Petra left the area of,! Over 2500 years ago inspire you to explore new destinations, discover petra, jordan facts experiences and savor the journey Petra. Were excavated in and around Petra from the United Kingdom on May 25 1946...