While India-Tibet trade flourished along the Siliguri corridor and … Nov 24,2020 - The Siliguri Corridor, popularly known as ‘India’s Chicken Neck’ connects which of the following states of India?a)Meghalaya — West Bengalb)Sikkim — West Bengalc)Assam — Meghalayad)Bihar — West BengalCorrect answer is option 'B'. Kaladan multi-model transit transport project India entered into a framework agreement with Myanmar in April 2008 to facilitate implementation of the project. The Tin (or Teen) Bigha Corridor (Bengali: তিনবিঘা করিডর) is a strip of land belonging to India on the West Bengal–Bangladesh border which, in September 2011, was leased to Bangladesh so the country could access its Dahagram–Angarpota enclave from the mainland. The Siliguri Corridor is a terrifyingly vulnerable artery in India’s geography. This river flows through Siliguri Corridor which is the Gate way of North East India. On the bright side, the current level of strategic vulnerability is far lower than it was in the past and can be further moderated with the establishment of a free-trade agreement between the states bordering the Siliguri. This topic has been covered in 6 th July 2020 Comprehensive News Analysis. wide Siliguri Corridor, which is commonly known as the chicken neck,created by the Radcliffe line. It is connected to East India via a narrow corridor (Siliguri corridor) squeezed between independent nations of Bhutan and Bangladesh. It has turned into the biggest military stand-off between the two armies in years. They entered through the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Sikkim is also close to India’s Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh. Beijing objected to India’s decision to allow leader Dalai Lama to visit the state. Here is a more important point. . Some of the training UPSC centres in Siliguri run online course and offline mode classes for IAS preparation. China’s furious protests against the Dalai Lama’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh. It outskirts Tibet in the north and upper east, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. Therefore, it is essential to revive these links. Kaladan Project What to study? India-China have always been at off ends with each other over the. Oct 11, 2019 - The Siliguri corridor, a narrow passage to India’s eight north-eastern (NE) states, is a perennial threat to our security. India-Bhutan New Vistas Archives TOPIC: General Studies 2 India and its neighbourhood- relations. India has inaugurated a 9.15km (5.68-mile) bridge over the Lohit River. Just $5 a month. In this session, we will go through all Important Points related to Assam that can be asked in your exams. power can inadvertently shift politics even in regions like Central Asia where the United States is remote.”. Chicken Neck or Siliguri Corridor It divides mainland India from the North-East India. The decision to do so was sparked by a controversy around the 17th Karmapa of the Black Hat branch of Tibetan Buddhism. Comprehensive list of UPSC Exam tutors in Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar with contact details, qualification, experience, reviews and fees. In this session, we will go through all Important Points related to Assam that can be asked in your exams. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. Chicken’s Neck or Siliguri Corridor is a place of panoramic beauty but because of the different types of defense problems that place is out of the reach of tourists. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests In News: India and Bhutan are looking to strengthen further old and time-tested ties between … 1 (AH01). The editor of a ditched anthology of essays on Thai politics has called for an academic boycott on the National University of Singapore Press. India Myanmar Boundary; o Free movement across the Indo-Myanmar border has been the practice from times immemorial due to the ethnic and cultural similarity in … LAC vs LOC. iScoopBoyE July 16, 2020 0 Read More. The Indian Army, the Assam Rifles, the Border Security Force, and the West Bengal Police all patrol the region. For Prelims and Mains: Features and significance of the project, overview of Sittwe port, Operation Sunrise. Any development in the Chumbi Valley that alters the status quo in Beijing’s favour will have serious implications for India. The Siliguri Corridor connects the rest of India with the Northeast, and Nepal with Bhutan. Further reinforcing the strategic precariousness of the region is the fact that a single-line railway is all that carries rail-based freight across the Siliguri. For Previous TLP (ARCHIVES) - … India’s Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) is known to closely observe Nepalese, Bhutanese, and Bangladeshi activity in the region as well. But India has defended its right to do so. For China, border line is the bottom line. Siliguri corridor. a 20 km (12-mile) wide corridor that links the seven north-eastern states to the India. It was done for preventing the defenders from making contact with their headquarters. The Corridor is commonly referred to as the “chicken’s neck” as it vitally connects seven states in India’s northeast to the rest of India. Energy security: Hydro-electric power generated by Bhutan’s run-of-the river dams is the economic bedrock of the India-Bhutan relationship. iScoopBoyE July 05, … It joins with Ganges in Bangladesh. It … wide stretch of Indian territory called chicken neck or Siliguri Corridor. Siliguri Corridor 1- It is also known as Chicken's neck and is a narrow stretch of 22 km. Support of Bangladesh is required for economic integration of North-East. During World War II,  India-China both played a crucial role for Japan. The connectivity of the North Eastern states shall be increased by reviving and building new rail routes through Bangladesh. It is rightly characterized by its unity and diversity. The project corridor is a share of Asian Highway No. Lt Gen KJ Singh, who commanded the Corps at Sikkim, which was the place of action in 1967, spoke of the nuances around these battles and the area. Sikkim is likewise near India’s Siliguri Corridor close to Bangladesh. The situation has somewhat improved since the pre-1971 era, when icy relations with China in the north and East Pakistan meant that the region was a constant source of cross-border tension. It is connected to East India via a narrow corridor (Siliguri corridor) squeezed between independent nations of Bhutan and Bangladesh. wide Siliguri Corridor, which is commonly known as the chicken neck, created by the Radcliffe line. A corridor connects West Bengal and the rest of India to the North East,  It is also the hub of railway network . Current Affairs ... Further, the Doklam region is also very close to the strategic Siliguri corridor (or chicken neck corridor), that connects North East with rest of … The recent standoff between India and China at the Doklam plateau which lies at a tri-junction between the India, China, and Bhutan has gained much attention. It is also credited for spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia. Strategically, it is the Achilles heel in the defence of almost 2,000 km of borders in the NE states with China and Myanmar. 2. Ongoing China-India stand-off is because of Bhutan. It originates from the yamunotri glacier Near to Banderpooch peaks in the state of Uttarakhand. Ankit Panda is the Stanton Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Best Coaching for IAS in India: All Major Cities Covered, IAS Toppers Story without Coaching: All You Need for the required Dose of Inspiration, Srushti Jayant Deshmukh Biography: Srushti Jayant Deshmukh IAS Wiki & Her Current Posting, Difference between a Creamy and Non-Creamy Layer of OBC: Here’s All You Need to Know for UPSC. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor. Environment 2. Also, The Chinese have invested in border infrastructure much more efficiently than India. The war of 1965 had cut off several railway links. India is concerned that if the road is completed, it will give China access to India’s “chicken’s neck”. 1. Follow him on Twitter. Get briefed on the story of the week, and developing stories to watch across the Asia-Pacific. During World War II,  India-China both played a crucial role for Japan. SYNOPSIS [22nd DECEMBER,2020] Day 62: IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2): UPSC Mains Answer Writing (General Studies) 1.Is lack of development the real cause for the spread of left wing extremism (LWE)? 2- It is located in West Bengal and connects India's North-East states to the rest of the country. It a 20 km (12-mile) wide corridor that links the seven north-eastern states to the India. The, was the major trade route . A presidential election in Kyrgyzstan and a parliamentary election in Kazakhstan kick off 2021 in Central Asia. For emerging markets, foreign capital inflows can spur growth – but they are also a potential source of volatility. Unlike so many of the problems India faces, the Siliguri Corridor’s vulnerability is a cruel endowment of political geography and essentially one it is stuck with. Bhutan is strategically important for both India and China. SYNOPSIS [22nd DECEMBER,2020] Day 62: IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2): UPSC Mains Answer Writing (General Studies) Published on Dec. 24, 2020, 10:56 a.m. TLP Mains 2020 Growth vs. China claims Arunachal Pradesh as its own, and refers to it as “southern Tibet”. The emergence of a much more contagious variant of COVID-19 comes as Australia rolls out vaccines. Certain analysts have also speculated that Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) has attempted to exploit the Siliguri via Nepal-based insurgents. Secessionist movements in North east India have gained significance over the time. Singapore’s hawker culture has been recognized by UNESCO, but there are questions about its sustainability. About China has reiterated its sovereignty over. Ethics Case Study: Five Types of Case Studies You Shouldn’t Miss Out On! China has made it clear that there is no room for negotiations on this incident.India must withdraw. Objective: To create a multi-modal sea, river and road transport corridor for shipment of cargo from the eastern ports of India to Myanmar through Sittwe port as well as to North-Eastern part of India… Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi). On October 20, 1962, China’s People’s Liberation Army invaded India in Ladakh, and across the McMahon Line in the then North-East Frontier Agency. Siliguri corridor. Bhutan is strategically important for both India and China. Also, Siliguri corridor is the only passage through which the Indian main land is connected with the North Eastern states. It flows through Bihar and West Bengal in India. The Silk Road was the major trade route . 1 (AH01). Kaladan multi-model transit transport project India entered into a framework agreement with Myanmar in April 2008 to facilitate implementation of the project. Sino Soviet Conflict And War Of 1969 UPSC Notes. A quirk of South Asian political geography has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the North-Eastern states: the Siliguri Corridor. North-East is linked with the Indian heartland through the 21 km wide Siliguri Corridor, commonly known as the chicken neck. Sources: the Hindu. By iScoopBoyE at July 16, 2020 No comments: Email This BlogThis! in a face-off at an area close to Sikkim—the tri-junction between India, Bhutan and China. The harsh topography of the region makes the railway and roads subject to damage from frequent landslides and natural disaster; India’s North-East is known for its record-breaking levels of rainfall. o If Siliguri corridor is blocked, the whole northeast will be cutoff from India and that is a major concern and a security threat. It  indicates that India  is protecting Bhutan. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Chinese territorial claims in western Bhutan are close to the Siliguri Corridor. All land trade between North-East India’s 40 million denizens and the rest of the country traverses the Siliguri owing to the lack of a free-trade agreement between India and Bangladesh. 2- It is located in West Bengal and connects India's North-East states to the rest of the country. But it is not just from today that India and China are having strained relationships. Some 400 Chinese troops attacked the Indian position. It has turned into the biggest military stand-off between the two armies in years. The border management continues to suffer from serious deficiencies. But India has defended its right to do so. India,  for this reason it has established back channel communication with China to amicably settle the dispute. As if natural disasters were not enough to send the Siliguri to the top of the list of India’s strategic anxieties, the corridor has a complex and troubled political history. India-China’s cultural and economic relations go back to ancient times. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. Indian border guards obstructed “normal activities” on the Chinese side. for Us, the 17th Karmapa of the Black Hat branch of Tibetan Buddhism. With its first homegrown vaccine approved for general use, China aims to vaccinate 50 million people by the Lunar New Year in February. Why does it matter? It originates in Paglajhora Falls on Mahaldiram Hill in the Darjeeling district. The region has inadequate infrastructure, is more backward economically as compared to the rest of the country. China’s growing opium trade with the British Raj was the reason. Indian military protested and stopped the road-building group. Sittwe is the capital of Rakhine State (which has been in the news for the plight of Rohingya Muslims) in south-western Myanmar. The Siliguri, at its slimmest point, puts less than a marathon’s distance between the Bangladeshi and Nepalese borders (14 miles). We are seeing escalations at the Line of Control with both the sides engaging in cross border firing. Chinese lighted a bush which caused a lot of confusion among the Indians. India has for years sought transit access through Bangladesh to ship goods to the landlocked north-eastern States. Threat to its rule of Tibet became one of the most prominent reasons for the. Nevertheless, in 2003, China granted de facto recognition of Sikkim as a part of India by ceasing to list it as a separate state on its official documents and maps. India was accused  of undermining Bhutan’s role by interfering in the road project. As the British Empire withdrew and partitioned British India along religious lines to create the modern states of India and Pakistan (which was then divided into East and West Pakistan), it drew the lines that lead to the Siliguri in an attempt to maintain contiguity between Bengal and Assam. Relations between India-China, may not slide further as China has allowed 56 Hindu pilgrims. India has inaugurated a 9.15km (5.68-mile) bridge over the Lohit River. The farmers' protests outside New Delhi have cast a spotlight on a traditionally overlooked group: the women who keep India's farms running. His subject of expertise are Geography, Polity, Economics and Environment and Ecology. A 2019 court judgement against an Assamese militant note presents new evidence. Biodiversity depletion • Rampant mining in the Aravalli mountain range has led to disappearance of 31 hills which has serious environmental consequences. Bhutan and China do not have formal relations .they maintain contact through their missions in New Delhi. It leads the way to accomplish nations Act East Policy and acts as India’s Gateway to the East.Therefore, it will encourage and improve trade association with South East Asia. It is linked with Indian heartland through the 21 km. info)) is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.Known as The Gateway of Northeast India, Siliguri is popular for three Ts - tea, timber and tourism. The Siliguri Corridor is a terrifyingly vulnerable artery in India’s geography. Sources: the Hindu. D The 26 km long Siliguri corridor that links most of the states in the North from FINANCE MISC at Amity Business School In the absence of an alternate route, the development of this project not only serves the economic, commercial and strategic interests of India, but also contributes to the development of Myanmar, and its economic integration with India. China’s growing opium trade with the British Raj was the reason. In 2002, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh joined India in discussing a proposal to create a free-trade agreement that would have facilitated the movement of goods across the Siliguri corridor, but no such agreement has been established. This is the first time that China has clearly articulated.Through one of its primary official channels – that there is no room for parleys to resolve. India is concerned that if the road is completed, it will give China access to India’s “chicken’s neck”, or Siliguri Corridor. Siliguri Corridor 1- It is also known as Chicken's neck and is a narrow stretch of 22 km. There are many who even fear a war. Get the latest posts delivered right to your email. Introduction: Northeast India is the eastern-most region of India. | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 194 UPSC Students. Gulf states like Bahrain and the UAE are using a Chinese-made COVID-19 vaccine, highlighting a new type of cooperation with China. “U.S. In the early 2000s, China refused to acknowledge Sikkim as part of India, maintaining that it was an independent state. China also repeated its claim on Bhutan’s eastern boundary at Sakteng. While slowly diversifying its basket of economic and diplomatic relationships, Bhutan continues to remain a steadfast Indian ally. Jan 28, 2018 - Image result for doklam location chumbi valley and siliguri corridor Today Current Affairs: 22nd July 2020 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, ... as the Doklam swap would have given China access to the strategically sensitive “chicken neck” of the Siliguri corridor. This project will reduce distance from Kolkata to Sittwe by approximately 1328 km and will reduce the need to transport good through the narrow Siliguri corridor, also known as Chicken’s Neck. This project will reduce distance from Kolkata to Sittwe by approximately 1328 km and will reduce the need to transport good through the narrow Siliguri corridor, also known as … Does the Joko Widodo government have nuclear aspirations? The session was moderated by Lt Gen N S Brar. India is a plural society both in letter and spirit. Sikkim is the only area through which India could make an offensive response. Dalai Lama resides in India has also been a sticking point between the two countries. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. The announcement comes as confirmed COVID-19 infections continue to spike across the archipelago. The physical connectivity of India’s politically volatile North-east region with India’s mainland is limited. Can you explain this answer? Among other issues, the Siliguri has been vulnerable to illegal Bangladeshi immigration into India. The only stretch of the Himalayan frontier where Indian troops have a terrain and tactical advantage. The thin “chicken’s neck” is a territory-connecting the seven Indian North-eastern States to West Bengal and the rest of India also called the “Siliguri Corridor”- lies in the Chumbi Valley of Chinese-held Tibetan Autonomous Region that is contiguous to … India’s fortunes in the Siliguri were slightly ameliorated when the tiny monarchy of Sikkim – situated just north of the Siliguri, between Nepal, China, and Bhutan – merged with India in 1975 to become its second-smallest state. The crisis in Nepal is eerily similar in some ways to Pakistan's schism in 1971. In acknowledgement of its importance to India’s national security, the state maintains a heavy patrol presence in the Siliguri region. Sikkim is the limited crowded and second littlest among the Indian states. Enjoying this article? If you’ve been following The Pulse here at The Diplomat recently, you may have noted a few recent pieces (including one by yours truly) on India’s North-Eastern states. Right bank tributaries. Sunday, 5 July 2020. The North-eastern states are separated from its mainland by a 20 km. Honest, Unbiased, Truthful Exclusive TV platform for UPSC aspirants that is technology-based, innovative learning method using audio-visual medium. The project corridor is a share of Asian Highway No. The Northeast borders on four countries, namely, China and Bhutan on its North; Myanmar on its East; and Bangladesh on its South and West. So why does it keep tightening restrictions, despite the heavy cost? SYNOPSIS [2nd NOVEMBER,2020] Day 19: IASbaba’s TLP (Phase 2): UPSC Mains Answer Writing (General Studies) Published on Nov. 4, 2020, 2:21 p.m. TLP Mains 2020. • While the Chinese MFA did not specify details of the package solution it has offered, it is likely to be referring to the same deal. Click here to read. It is linked with Indian heartland through the 21 km. Click here to subscribe for full access. It is an old news that India-China are currently engaged. Indian military protested and stopped the road-building group. Hence, we cannot really comment on what can happen in future.We can just wait and watch. It leads the way to accomplish nations Act East Policy and acts as India’s Gateway to the East.Therefore, it will encourage and improve trade association with South East Asia. The war of 1965 had cut off several railway links. So, The region saw clashes between India-China in 1967.The latest development appears to be one of the most serious escalations in recent years. Energy security: Hydro-electric power generated by Bhutan’s run-of-the river dams is the economic bedrock of the India-Bhutan relationship. So, Bhutan,meanwhile, has asked China to stop building the road. Therefore, it is essential to revive these links. The North-East is geographically isolated from the rest of the country as it is connected with the rest of the country by a narrow corridor i.e the Siliguri corridor (Chicken’s neck). In any discussion of the governance problems or border issues in India’s North-East, a commonly mentioned word is “isolation.” The North-Eastern states are politically and geographically distant from New Delhi, and certain parts of the region share more in common culturally with Burma than they do with Punjab, or even West Bengal. ... UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021: Tips to Study Science & … The corridor, also called Chicken’s Neck, is a vulnerable point for India. Current Affairs ... Indian Army regards the Doklam plain as strategically crucial because it opens a path to the Siliguri Corridor which links the … This river flows through Siliguri Corridor which is the Gate way of North East India. Till the start of the war, the Indian side was confident that war would not be started and made little preparations. A South Korean court's recent ruling is likely to further complicate bilateral relations between the two U.S. allies. India-China’s cultural and economic relations go back to ancient times. Also, Siliguri corridor is the only passage through which the Indian main land is connected with the North Eastern states. Both India-China have rushed more troops to the border region. North Korea insists there have been no coronavirus cases in the country. This piece … Labels: UPSC Notes. Chumbi Valley is also of equal strategic significance to China because of the valley’s shared border with Tibet and Sikkim. The creation of East Pakistan (which became Bangladesh in 1971) along religious lines necessitated the awkward choke point in India’s contemporary geography. On July 10, 1962, around 350 Chinese troops surrounded an Indian post at Chushul  in Jammu and Kashmir. 1.Yamuna. The road would have circumvented Indian posts in Doklam, and provided the Chinese access to Jampheri Ridge and a clear line of sight to the narrow Siliguri Corridor. Contact Best IAS academy in Siliguri for complete detail of teaching, study material, online coaching, fees structure, and mock test series for preliminary and mains. China was building a road in an area disputed with Bhutan .India would have been watching closely because of its strategic importance. Sikkim had long been a subject of controversy between India and China. Since the 1962 war with China, Indian strategists have envisioned a future scenario where "the Chinese may simply bypass and drop Special Forces to choke vulnerable Siliguri Corridor and cut off the Northeast.” China’s diplomacy with Bhutan gives reason to take this possibility seriously; in 1996, China began a concerted diplomatic effort to yield a border claim with Bhutan in exchange for the Doklam Plateau. State has four districts and is further divided into … Specifically on the Sikkim-Bhutan stretch. It is an old news that India-China are currently engaged in a face-off at an area close to Sikkim—the tri-junction between India, Bhutan and China. A quirk of South Asian political geography has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the North-Eastern states: the Siliguri Corridor. For Indians in the North-East, every look at a map is a sobering reminder of just how fragile their physical and economic tether to the rest of the country remains. But it is not just from today that India and China are having strained relationships. By the very nature of its geography the Siliguri Corridor is indefensible with static obstacles and firepower. Sikkim is a state in northeastern India and is surrounded by Tibet in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. India is connected to the northeast by the Siliguri corridor, a very narrow area. A grand synthesis of cultures, religions and languages of the people belonging to different castes and communities has upheld its unity and cohesiveness despite multiple foreign invasions. The war achieved China’s objectives of securing borders . The recent standoff between India and China at the Doklam plateau which lies at a tri-junction between the India, China, and Bhutan has gained much attention. Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. The connectivity of the North Eastern states shall be increased by reviving and building new rail routes through Bangladesh. Akshay Palande is a passionate teacher helping hundreds of students in their UPSC preparation. India finally has an investor-friendly image after almost a decade and should strive to maintain that. Civil society organizations and members of the European Parliament alike are objecting to the deal amid China's continuing crackdowns in Xinjiang and Hong Kong. Therefore peace is … It is located on the banks of the Mahananda River at the foothills of the Himalayas. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. It is also credited for spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia. Chinese territorial claims in western Bhutan are close to the Siliguri Corridor. © 2021 Diplomat Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. Beijing objected to India’s decision to allow leader Dalai Lama to visit the state. The border in Sikkim had been settled in an 1890 agreement. TOP UPSC COACHING IN SIKKIM Sikkim is a region in northeastern India. 52 talking about this. UPSC Notes. China claims Arunachal Pradesh as its own, and refers to it as “southern Tibet”. Today Current Affairs: 22nd July 2020 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, ... as the Doklam swap would have given China access to the strategically sensitive “chicken neck” of the Siliguri corridor. Bhutan asking India to take the responsibility to patrolling on the border. As experience has shown the sustained patrolling by the Indian Army, paramilitary forces and the West Bengal police not to mention the protection forces of the Indian Railways, a broad guage and a meter-guage line pass through it-criminal and anti-national activity is rampant. He elucidated how the Chumbi valley presented a similar vulnerability to the Chinese like the narrow Siliguri corridor posed to India. 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